Khwaga Swabiwal

SWABI

Swabi (Pashto: صوابی) is the capital of Swabi District in the Khyber PuktoonKhwah]. It is located at 34°7'0N 72°28'0E[2].

Swabi lies between the river Indus and river Kabul, in the Khyber Pukhtoonkhwah of Pakistan. Majority of the Yousafzai clan of Pathans have been living here for centuries. The History and culture of the Swabi is very rich. The late historian Roshan Khan Baba from this region wrote a book entitled the "History of Yousafzai tribe". A well known Captain of the Pakistan army Karnal Sher Khan belonged to this region. He was involved in the Kargil War and was killed in action. He was awarded Pakistan's highest Military Honour the Nishan-e-Haider. People in Swabi are well educated. Today many people from this region are found in different parts of the world, but mostly in UK & USA . They have unique characteristics of modern life but within Islam. The People of Swabi are famous for their hospitality and a "romantic" people, they are fair in complexion with rugged expressions as most Mountain People in Pakistan appear.
Swabi is a huge market for the tobacco while the other cash crops are vegetables, wheat, sugar cane and maze. Apart from these all sorts of fruits are found here.

The famous Tarbela Dam and electricity power house is located in Swabi. Swabi is also the house to one of the most prestigious institutes of the country namely Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology in the town of Topi.

Swabi is located in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. It is a big a district with beautiful mountains and the mighty Indus (Abaseen) running through it, irrigating its fertile land. As God Almighty has blessed Swabi with fertile land, most of the people are associated with agriculture. Wheat, Sugar Cane, Tobacco and Maize are main agricultural products especially the Tobacco is of very good quality and leading national and multinational tobacco companies have their factories and warehouses built here. Lately, more and more people are going abroad for jobs and are sending a good amount of foreign exchange home thus directly contributing to the economy of Pakistan. Their favorite destinations are Japan, UAE, Saudi Arabia and United Kingdom. Apart from agriculture, Swabi is also rich with mineral resources and its white marble is very popular throughout the country.


People: Before partition, Hindus also lived here and most of the businesses were owned by them. Both Muslims and Hindus lived peacefully. After partition, the Hindus left for India and now the whole population is Pakhtun and belongs to the Yousafzai tribe of Pashtun. The area from swat in the north to the banks of river Kabul in Nowshera District is inhabited by the Yousafzai. They originally came from Afghanistan and settled here. Even today Hindus are found in some areas of Swabi. Tehsils of district Swabi are. • Swabi • Lahor (Chota Lahore)




Area: 1,543 sq kms
Sub-divisions: Swabi and Lahor
Population: 1,026,804
Population density: 665.5 persons per sq km
Annual growth rate: 2.96 per cent
Urban ratio: 17.5 per cent
Main clans: Yousafzai are in majority. Others include Razars/Rajars, Utman, Jadoon/Gadoon and Khattak.
Religion: Muslims 99.6 per cent, Ahmadi 0.3 per cent and Christian 0.1 per cent
Main Languages: Pushto 96.4 per cent; Others 3.6 per cent
Literacy rate: 36 per cent
Economically active population: 19.5 percent of the total population
Main occupations: Professionals 4.3 per cent; Technicians 3.2 per cent; Clerks 2.6 per cent; Service and shop workers 8.6 per cent; Agriculture workers 52.6 per cent; Craft and related trade workers 3.2 per cent; Plant and machine operators 3.7 per cent; Elementary occupations 21 per cent, Armed forces 0.7 per cent.


INDUSTRIES

Industrial Units : 93
Running Units : 64
Closed Units : 29

LABOUR FORCE
Total Labour Force (10 & Above): 205748
Employed: 158200
Unemployed: 47548


AGRICULTURE

Reported Area : 148689 Hectares
Cultivated Area : 87046 Hectares
Culturable Area : 113676 Hectares
Forest Area :
26505 Hectares
Irrigated Area : 34354 Hectares %age of total irrigated area
Canal Commanded Area :
22282 Hectares 64.86%
Irrigation Through Tubewell :
11187 Hectares 32.56%
Irrigation by Other Sources :
885 Hectares 2.58%


YIELD PER HECTARE
Maize :
2033 Kgs
Rice :
1571 Kgs
Wheat :
1543 Kgs
Gram :
375 Kgs
Sugarcane :
41203 Kgs


  COMMUNICATION
a)Roads
Total Roads: 396.998 km
High Type: 318.004 km
Low Type: 78.994 km
Road per Sq. km
0.26 km
b)Post Offices
Total Post Offices: 89 units
Area Covered per Post Office: 17 sq. km
c)TelephoneS

Total No. of Telephones: 17926 units
Population per Telephone: 60 persons per telephone

ELECTRICITY
Villages/ Settlements Electrified (Including Mardan): 987
Per Capita Electricity Consumption: 357 kWh