Apna Badin

Badin is the main city and capital of Badin District in Sindh, Pakistan. It lies east of the Indus River. The region is swampy, fertile for growing rice. Some oil fields are located near the town in the seasonally inundated Rann of Kutch region. Badin is main town of Badin District.

In Badin district there are numerous shrines of the saints, which are visited by hundreds of the people daily not only from parts of the district but also beyond. The shrines include that of Saman Shah, one of the greatest saints of Sindh of the last century, the shrines of 7 Pirs of Lowari Sharif including that of the famous poet of Sindhi language, Khowaja Muhammad Zaman, Faqir Syed Muhammad Hasan of Joona,jandu shah badshah and others

Mostly festivals are also held annually at most of the shrines of these saintly men. The big annual fairs are held at Saman Shah, Ghulam Shah, Sajan Sawai, Gul Ghaibee, Sawan Fakir, Shah Turail, Mai Bhabee, Shah Gariyo, Raj Shaheen and Shah Deewano. Ahmed Rajo. Shah Qadri and others. These annual fairs, besides being reflective of the local culture are also the great source of the entertainment for people of the district.

Badin is an agro industrial district. In urban area, ambient air quality, supply of contaminated water, unsafe disposal of municipal waste and solid waste, unsafe disposal of infectious hospital waste and congested houses have created sever environmental degradation. Rural area is badly affected by water logging and salinity and non-availability of pure drinking water.

The district is well educated but rurale areas are still very poor in education. one biggest college in badin Government Islamia Degree College, one branch of University of Sindh is also known as Larr university. a large number of schools are in badin.

The district is well linked by roads with its all taluka head quarters. Main roads in the district are Badin to Sajawal road, Badin to Hyderabad road via Tando Muhammad Khan. Badin district consists of five talukas; its total geographical area is 6,726 square kilometres and the total length of roads of both high type and low type is 2019 kilometres. The length of road per square km as per geographical area is 0.30 km, which is insufficient as compared to the rush of motor vehicles and farms to market transportation.

The district is connected by railway system. The railway line connects Badin with Hyderabad passing through Matli Taluka. All the trains running through this district carry enormous traffic both of passengers and goods. only one train is in a week because people are hearted by the long term absent of railway servics.

There is a railway on Indian side of the border at Samakhiali Jn.

Media is a massive source of communication. It consists of radio, television, newspapers. 3905 television licenses were registered from Badin in 1999-2000. There are two movie-cinemas in Badin with 611 seating facility in each. Now PTCL V wireless and all mobile companies set their boasters and they are going very well.

Industry and trade
Being an agricultural area, the industries in Badin are agricultural based. Badin is also known as 'Sugar State' of Pakistan because of its largest production of sugar, presently there are six large-scale units engaged in the production of sugar and are providing employment to 6,000 persons. Besides these factories, there are 12 rice-husking mills.

The question about immunization has been included in the 1998 population census for the first time to evaluate the vaccination program launched by the government from time to time. In all 44.37 percent of the children below 10 years of age have been reported vaccinated with a considerably higher percentage at 71.13 in urban areas. The percentage of those not known; is quite high at 40.80% in the district, 43.34% in the rural and 26.76% in the urban areas.

The climate of the district taken as a whole is moderate, and is tampered by the sea breeze which blows for eight months of the year from March to October, making the hot weather comparatively cool. During the monsoon period, the sky is cloudy, but there is very little precipitation. The climate in summer is generally moist and humid. The cold weather in Badin starts from the beginning of November when a sudden change from the moist sea breeze to the dry and cold north-east wind brings about, as a natural consequence, an immediate fall in temperature.cyclones and floods are hit because of sea.

The maximum temperature in the hot weather does not usually exceed 40C.
Law and order

The general Law & Order situation in Badin district remained normal and under control. Though six sugar mills and oil fields are operating within the jurisdiction of Badin district yet the law & order situation remained under control.

The compression of crime figures for the last 03 years reveals that the crime has been decreased due to the day and night patrolling and taking preventive measures to avert the crime and criminal activities.

Famous personalities

Syed Ali Mir Shah
Pir Ali Bahadur Shah
Dr.Zulfiqar Mirza
Dr.Fehmida Mirza
Ali Anwar Halepoto (Ex Zilla Nazim Badin)
Ali Bux Shah alias Papu Shah
Ali Sher Jamali
Ashfaq Ahmed Khalifa Memon
Dr.Moula Bux Jaffiry
Hakim Usman
Dr.Aziz Memon
Dr.Abdul Sattar Memon
Dr.Mukhtiar Azeem Khawaja
Muhammad Ismail Rahoo

Badin Encyclopædia Britannica from Encyclopædia Britannica
http://www.search.eb.com/eb/article-9011706(Accessed March 27, 2006).

Abdul Ghafoor Nizamani Ali Murad

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