GaNdHiDhAm

GANDHIDHAM (Sindhi گانڌيِ ڌام )is a city and a municipality in the Kachchh District of Gujarat state of India. The town was created in the early 1950s for the resettlement of the refugees from Sindh of Pakistan in the aftermath of the partition of India.

Coordinates 23°05′N 70°08′E
District(s) Kachchh
Municipality Gandhidham Municipality
Population 166,388 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Elevation 27 metres (89 ft)

History :
Soon after the separation of Pakistan from India in 1947, a group of refugees from Sindh of Pakistan formed Sindhi Resettlement Corporation with Acharaya Kriplani as chairman and Bhai Pratap Dialdas as managing director. Main objective of the corporation was to assist in the rehousing of displaced persons by the construction of new town on a site few miles inland from location selected by Government of India for new port of Kandla on the Gulf of Kachchh. The first plan was prepared by a team of planners headed by Dr. O. H. Koenigsberger, director of the division of housing in Government of India. Subsequently plan was revised by Adams Howard and Greeley company in 1952. The foundation stone of town was laid with blessings of Mahatama Gandhi and hence town was named Gandhidham, Tried hard to build city like state capital Gandhinagar.
It is said that it was barren land with snakes and scorpions so numerous, Bhai Pratap had to offer compensation 25 paise to kill a scorpion and 50 paise to kill a snake in this area[1]. The first plan envisaged 400,000 as ultimate population of town, expecting half of it would reach in mid seventies. Revised plan envisaged three stages of town development with mid stage lasting longer with population around 150000. The single largest challenge before town planners was to overcome problem of poverty of its residents. Since major part of its population was made up of either refugees or laborers of port, free trade zone and railway, even a cost of single toilet exceeded their earnings of year. Hence in beginning, houses were made with one room and a kitchen, without water driven sewage. Residents have to draw water from nearby community tap, which were provided one for every ten to twelve family. Every row of houses had a narrow alley in back so sweepers can access it to remove sewage manually. Nevertheless town and modern and beautiful look because of its wide streets and rectangular neighborhoods. Areas allocated for recreational facilities were half of the US standard of such facilities in 1950. Another challenge in neighborhood design was to channel traffic on main streets so traffic should not flow through neighborhood streets, which otherwise would have been the case with wide streets. From very begin of the town planning, it was expected that Town will benefit from port and free trade zone related activities and only in later stage will have other manufacturing activities around it.



Geography :
Gandhidham is located at latitude 23.08° N longitude 70.13° E. It has an average elevation of 27 metres (88 feet).


Education :
Gandhidham has several schools providing high school education, the bigger english-medium schools are Kendriya Vidyalaya, at IFFCO colony, Mount Carmel school, P.N.Amersey School,DPS Gandhidham, Modern school. The favorite state-board affiliated school for local science students is Aadarsh Mahavidyalaya, situtate in the heart of the city. Colleges for graduation and higher studies are situated in nearby Adipur.

Transport :
Gandhidham is connected by train to Gandhinagar, Mumbai, Pune, Calcutta, Ahmedabad, Indore, Bangalore, Jaipur, Chennai, Coimbatore , Delhi. The Second major domestic airport closest to Gandhidham is in Bhuj, 60 km away. India's second largest port, Kandla is under 15 km away. Gandhidham also has its own airport called Kandla Airport or Gandhidham Airport which is located north of Gandhidham near Village Galpadar. There are daily one flight to and from Mumbai. in past, Gandhidham also metro bus facility to connect its neighborhoods.gandhidham listed as GIMB in railways

Places to visit nearby gandhidham :

Khavada
Famous for its handicrafts and cattle rearing in Banni. Flamingo colony can be approached from Khavada by road and thereafter on camel back.

Bhardeshwar
It is a famous Jain pilgrimage centre. The architecture of the temple is such that the presiding deity is visible from the ground floor as well as the first floor. Other local monuments include a stepwell, mosque and a palace.

Purneshwar
It is about 35 Kms. from Bhuj. It is a 9th/ 10th century A. D. temple raised on a high plinth and has some fine sculpture on display.

land of many oppurtunities

gim rocks