Persian Jews/Iranian Jews (Persian: یهودیان ایرانی) (Hebrew: יהודים פרס)

Persian Jews or Iranian Jews (Persian: یهودیان ایرانی) (Hebrew: יהודים פרסים) are Jews historically associated with Iran, traditionally known as Persia in Western sources.
Judaism is among the oldest religions practiced in Iran and the Biblical Book of Esther contains references to the experiences of the Jews in Persia. Jews have had a continuous presence in Iran since the time of Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire. Cyrus invaded Babylon and freed the Jews from Babylonian captivity.
According to the Tehran Jewish Committee, the Jewish population of Iran was estimated at about 25,000 to 35,000, of which approximately 15,000 are in Tehran with the rest residing in Hamadan, Shiraz, Isfahan, Kermanshah, Yazd, Kerman, Rafsanjan, Borujerd, Sanandaj and Urmia. However, the official 2011 state census recorded only 8,756 Jews in Iran.